I do not use stones much but here is the list I have. It is just a throw together of my own and other peoples. If you know of a stone I have not listed make a comment and I will look into it.
Agate - Looks like eyes, used to protect from the evil eye, used in protection magick.
Amber - Loar say it comes from the tears of the setting sun. It is used as a fire stone, used in healing magick and to capture disease
Amethyst - A spiritaul stone used in meditation, enhance and remembering dreams, cultivating wisdom, developing psychic ability, attract success and prosperity, self control, business cunning, courage safety in battle.
Apache Tears - Carry for luck
Aquamarine - Gift of the Sea Goddess. Power of the full moon, Manifest harmony, bravery, intuitive, awareness, clarity, stronger connection to supper conscious. Good for healing, AID in creative process, awareness on other levels of reality.
Azrite - Blue color makes it good for dreams and harmony
Beryl - Promote harmony in relationships success in legal matters and motivation
Bloodstone - Healing, connect deeply with planetary energy, wish fulfillment, success, understanding weather omens, safe guard health, really lucky for Pisces
Calcite - Comes in lots of colors Potential for many magical uses, energy good for spiritual growth, inner healing, improve focus.
Carnelian - Pale to deep brownish red stone, Protection
Cats Eye - vision, especially inner, Superstition say it manifest Luck, beauty, prosperity.
Chalcedony - Good for fortune, Protect from evil, improved communication and attitudes.
Chrysocalla - Banish fear, and reestablish logic
Citrine - good for banishing nightmares, improving psychic ability
Diamond - Bravery, strength, clarity development
Emerald - Clairvoyance, divination, healing, growth, support ,magick for faith, for knowledge, resourcefulness, when it is worn with Aventine another green stone the two rid body of cancer
Flourite - Strengthen the mind, and thinking skill
Garnet - Used in the middle ages to protect from nightmares, devotion, good health, kindness, non- gemstone is available
Jade - Make into an amulet to encourage prosperity, enhance beauty, inspire harmony, love, longevity, "green thumb" low quality available.
Jasper - red is good for love spells, passion, Brown is good for healing. It also comes in yellow, and green. Most are found in a reddish brown. Protection
Lapis Lazul - Open psychic channels improve, magick insight happiness meditation, focus, dealing with children, upper chakras
Malachite - Lite to dark green can be attached to a child crib to improve sleep, carried for protection, remain aware of forth coming danger and problems. (I used this for my son as a new born and he was sleeping through the night by 3 months.)
Moon Stone - Under the rue of the moon. Has a similar energy as luner sphere used to motivate, foresight, enhance vividness of dreams and dream recalls
Obsudan - use for scrying mirrors.
Onyx - Banishing and absorbing negative energy, good for grounding in magick work, helps brake deeply ingrained habits, physical or emotional, wear when facing adversaries
Opal- Luck stone, improves memory
Pearl - Symbol of goddess Moon and Water, Good for spells dealing with love, happiness, and prosperity.
Peridot - (Chrysolite) set in gold gems, turn away evil nightmares and malevolent, prosperity
Quartz - All purpose magick stone represents infinite potential color varies
Rose Quartz - Healing, balance amplify psychic energy, often used in other stones for particular uses.
Ruby - Excellent amulet for healing mental clarity harmony stimulates passion , unconditional love
Sapphire - divine blessing understanding omens luck success improved meditation states and devotion
Tiger's Eye - Self Confidence, freedom to follow your own path, carry into battle for safety, spells for improved stamina, good for fortune and prosperity
Tourmaline - No known ancient usage, varies in color, good for Balance
Turquoise - Safety in travel, rain magick visual activity, strengthen friendships and awareness.